This tiny, cylindrical gearmotor consists of a coreless brushed DC motor and a 700:1 plastic planetary gearbox. The entire assembly has a diameter of just 6 mm (0.24″) and an extremely light weight of 1.3 g (0.046 oz), making it a great actuator for miniature robots and very small mechanisms.
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Our Code: SKU-003176
Supplier Link: [Pololu MPN:2359]
These tiny brushed DC gearmotors have a diameter of just 6 mm and weigh just over a gram, which makes them great actuators for miniature robots and very small mechanisms. They consist of a coreless motor fastened to a planetary gearbox by a small clip. The gears are made from liquid crystal polymers (LCPs), and gearbox’s nylon output shaft is compatible with our 14 mm wheels. Three gear ratios are available:
Note: Stalling or overloading gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes and even result in immediate damage. For these gearboxes, the recommended upper limit for instantaneous torque is 3.5 oz-in (250 g-cm); we strongly advise keeping applied loads well under this limit. Stalls can also result in rapid (potentially on the order of seconds) thermal damage to the motor windings and brushes; a general recommendation for brushed DC motor operation is 25% or less of the stall current.
The intended nominal operating voltage for these motors is 3 V to 6 V, though in general, these kinds of motors can be used at voltages outside this range (rotation typically starts between 0.2 V and 0.3 V). Lower voltages might not be practical, and higher voltages could start negatively affecting the life of the motor. When operating at 3 V, the free-run speed, stall torque, and stall current will all be approximately half of what they are at 6 V as these specifications scale roughly linearly with voltage.
Since the gearmotor’s output shaft is nylon, there can be small variances in the diameter from unit to unit. These variations might cause press-fit attachments like our 14 mm wheel to fit loosely in some instances. If you experience a loose fit, you could try swapping wheels or using a small dab of glue to help hold the wheel on.
The following diagram shows the micro plastic gearmotor dimensions in mm. The planetary gearbox has a D-shaped plastic output shaft, which is 2 mm in diameter with a section that is flattened by 0.5 mm. The “D” portion of the shaft is 2.5 mm long. The motor measures 6 mm in diameter and 9.3 mm in length, and the gearbox length, labelled “L” in the diagram below, depends on the gear ratio. The motor leads come with their tips pre-stripped and extend approximately 2 cm (0.8″) from the back of the motor.
This dimension diagram is also available as a downloadable PDF (92k pdf).
The micro plastic gearmotor’s output shaft is compatible with our 14 mm wheels. We do not have any brackets for this gearmotor, and it does not have any mounting holes, but its compact size makes it easy to fasten with tape or glue. Alternatively, since this gearmotor is nearly the same size as a 1/4″ fuse, it can be mounted using standard 1/4″ (6 mm) fuse clips, which can be found at places like Radio Shack and Digi-Key.
|6D × 21L mm
|Free-run speed @ 6V:
|Free-run current @ 6V:
|Stall current @ 6V:
|Stall torque @ 6V:
No; the information we have available for this motor can be found on its product page. However, you can approximate various additional motor parameters from the information found in the “Specs” tab.
The electrical resistance of the motor can be approximated by dividing the rated voltage by the stall current (at the rated voltage). The electromotive force constant (Ke) can be approximated by dividing the rated voltage by the free-run speed (at the rated voltage). To approximate the motor torque constant (Kt), you can divide the stall torque by the stall current.
For pretty much any DC motor, the current, speed, power, and efficiency curves as a function of torque will look like those in the graph below (assuming motor voltage and temperature are constant):
The current and speed curves are approximately linear, and the product pages for our motors provide the approximate end points for these lines: (0 torque, no-load current) and (stall torque, stall current) for the red line, and (0 torque, no-load speed) and (stall torque, 0 speed) for the blue line.
The orange output power curve is the product of the speed and the torque, which results in an inverted parabola with its peak at 50% of the stall torque.
The green efficiency curve is the output power divided by the input power, where the input power is current times voltage. The voltage is constant, so you can divide the output power curve by the current line to get the general shape of the efficiency curve, which in turn lets you identify the torque, speed, and current that correspond to max efficiency.
There are many programs out there that you can use to generate these curves. For example, if you have access to MATLAB, you can use this customer-created MATLAB script to generate these motor plots for you from the specifications we provide for each gearmotor.
Note: A good general rule of thumb is to keep the continuous load on a DC motor from exceeding approximately 20% to 30% of the stall torque. Stalling gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes, occasionally resulting in immediate damage to the gearbox or thermal damage to the motor windings or brushes. Do not expect to be able to safely operate a brushed DC gearmotor all the way to stall. The safe operating range will depend on the specifics of the gearmotor itself.